Stefano Crotti and Mauro Pineschi Pages 460 - 469 ( 10 )
Bicyclic oxazines are attractive compounds and valuable synthetic intermediates as they can be easily obtained by hetero Diels-Alder reactions between cyclic dienes and nitroso dienophiles. In particular, the more strained case (i.e. the [2.2.1]-cycloadduct) represents an interesting powerful combination of stability and reactivity as it can be transformed into highly densely functionalized cyclopentene derivatives by a variety of ring-opening reactions. Aim of this article is to summarize the methods used by various chemists for opening of bicyclic oxazines by the formation of a new carbon-carbon bond, to give highly substituted ring systems containing multiple stereocenters. Particular emphasis will be given to regio- and stereoselective procedures, including the most recent developments on less strained [2.2.2]-cycloadduct.
Bicyclic oxazines, hetero Diels-Alder cycloadducts, acylnitroso cycloadducts, metal catalyzed ring opening, copper, rhodium, Grignard reagents, organoboronic derivatives, stereoselective synthesis, allylation, cross metathesis.
Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Sede di Chimica Bioorganica e Biofarmacia, Universita di Pisa, Via Bonanno 33, 56126 Pisa, Italy.