Submit Manuscript  

Article Details

Synthetic Approaches to Functional Derivatives of Cycl[3.2.2]Azine-1,2-Dicarboxylic Acid - Perspective Building Blocks for π-Extended Macrocyclic Compounds

[ Vol. 12 , Issue. 4 ]


Fedor E. Zhurkin, Victor E. Pushkarev and Larisa G. Tomilova   Pages 378 - 384 ( 7 )


One of the actual goals in the field of macrocyclic research is to provide accessible chemically robust compounds with absorption in the NIR spectral region. This requirement can be fulfilled in the case of tetrapyrrolic derivatives such as porphyrins, phthalocyanines etc with extended system of electronic conjugation. In this short review, we focus on the available approaches for the synthesis of cycl[3.2.2]azine-1,2-dicarboxylic acid functional derivatives – an emerging class of π-extended tetrapyrrolic macrocycle precursors.


Cyclazines, cyclic anhydrides, [2+8]cycloaddition reactions, dicarboxylic acids, diesters, indolizines, intramolecular cyclizations, sigmatropic rearrangements.


Institute of Physiologically Active Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, Severny proezd 1, 142432 Chernogolovka, Moscow Region, Russia.

Graphical Abstract:

Read Full-Text article