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Regioselectivity in the Ring Opening and Expansion of Unsymmetric Thietanes

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Wei Xu and Jiaxi Xu   Pages 73 - 81 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Thietanes are important intermediates in organic synthesis. They have been widely applied in the preparation of sulfur-containing compounds via ring-opening and ring expansion. They produce thiols and thioether derivatives via ring opening reactions and yield five- to eight-membered, even larger, heterocyclic compounds via ring expansions. Ring opening and expansion reactions include electrophilic and nucleophilic, oxidative and reductive, transition metals and acid-catalyzed, insertion, and photoirradiated processes. The ring opening and expansion reactions generally show good regioselectivity. The electronic effect plays a crucial role in controlling the regioselectivity in the ring opening and expansion reactions of unsymmetric thietanes invloving electropositive intermediates. The regioselectivities in various ring opening reactions and expansions of unsymmetric thietanes are summarized and discussed herein. Mechanisms on some of the important ring opening and expansion reactions of thietanes are introduced as well.

Keywords:

Thietanes, heterocycle, four-membered ring, ring expansion, ring-opening, regioselectivity.

Affiliation:

State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, and Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China.

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