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2-Mercaptobenzoxazole as a Novel Sulfur Transfer Agent in the Cu-Catalysed “On-Water” Synthesis of Symmetrical or Unsymmetrical Sulfides under Phase Transfer Catalysis Conditions

[ Vol. 14 , Issue. 8 ]

Author(s):

Edgars Abele*, Lena Golomba and Ramona Abele   Pages 1193 - 1197 ( 5 )

Abstract:


Aim and Objective: In the chemical literature, there is very little data about copper catalysed synthesis of diaryl sulfides in water. In this work we present a novel highly selective Cu-catalysed “on-water” method of the synthesis of symmetrical and unsymmetrical sulfides from aryl iodides and 2-mercaptobenzoxazole as a novel sulfur transfer agent.

Material and Method: 2-Mercaptobenzoxazole was presented as a novel sulfur transfer agent. Novel Cucatalysed “on-water” method for the selective synthesis of diaryl sulfides from diaryl iodides in the phase transfer catalytic system 2-mercaptobenzoxazole / CuI / proline/ KOH/ Adogen 464 was developed.

Results: We have elaborated the novel catalytic system 2-mercaptobenzoxazole / KOH / CuI / Adogen464 / proline for the synthesis of diaryl sulfides from corresponding aryl iodides in water. The products were isolated in 30-76% yields. Modification of the presented method was successfully applied in the preparation of unsymmetrical sulfides. For example, benzylphenylsulfide and benzyl(3-fluorophenyl)sulfide were selectively prepared in 68% and 57% yields, correspondingly, by three-component, one-pot coupling reaction in the system PhCH2Br (1 mmol) / ArI (1 mmol) / 2-meracaptobenzoxazole (1 mmol) / CuI (20 mol.%) / proline (20 mol.%)/ Adogen464 / H2O at 160°C.

Conclusion: Thus, novel Cu-catalyzed “on-water” method for the synthesis of symmetrical and unsymmetrical sulfides in the system aryl iodides (and benzyl bromide) /2-mercaptobenzoxazole / KOH / CuI / Adogen464 / proline / H2O was presented. Interestingly, similar reaction of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole in the above system led only to 2-arylsulfanylbenzothiazoles. According to our point of view, the presented method is the best for the selective preparation of sulfides possessing NH2, Br and F functional groups.

Keywords:

2-Mercaptobenzoxazole, diaryl sulfides, alkyl aryl sulfides, benzyl bromide, aryl iodides, Cu-catalysis, “on-water” phase transfer catalysis, sulfur transfer.

Affiliation:

Latvian Institute of Organic Synthesis, 21 Aizkraukles Street, Riga, LV-1006, Latvian Institute of Organic Synthesis, 21 Aizkraukles Street, Riga, LV-1006, Latvian Institute of Organic Synthesis, 21 Aizkraukles Street, Riga, LV-1006

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