Submit Manuscript  

Article Details

Anticancer Evaluation and Docking Study of New Bifunctional Phthalazine Derivatives

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 3 ]


Marwa G. El-Gazzar and Hala M. Aly*   Pages 414 - 422 ( 9 )


Aims and Objective: A series of novel phthalazine derivatives was synthesized with versatile, readily accessible electrophilic and nucleophilic reagents. The newly synthesized compounds were confirmed by the results of spectroscopic measurements. Hence, their potential clinical application investigated in particular for cancer treatment.

Materials and Methods: The newly synthesized compounds were characterized by spectroscopic measurements and were tested for their in vitro anticancer activity by MTT assay against human liver cancer cell line. Docking study of all the synthesized compounds was performed within the active site of the enzyme VEGFR-2 (Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2).

Results: The quinazoline derivative 12 emerged as the most potent compound in this study with an IC50 value of 5.4 µM. Docking study showed that the synthesized compounds were fit in the VEGFR-2 active site almost at the same position of sorafenib and vatalanib with comparable docking scores (-15.20 to -8.92 was kcal/mol).

Conclusion: we have synthesized a novel series of phthalazine derivatives and evaluated their potential anticancer activity against HEPG2 cell line. The quinazoline derivative 12 emerged as the most potent compound in this study with an IC50 value of 5.4 µM. The SAR and docking studies pointed out that rigidification of the structure resulted in better activity and better binding within the active site of VEGFR-2 as in compounds 3, 5, 6 and 12. These results introduced new phthalazine derivatives having promising activity which could lead to the development of more potent anticancer agents.


Phthalazine, tetrahydrophthalazin, 1, 4-dichlorophthalazin, phthalazino[1, 2-b]quinazoline, docking, anticancer.


Department of Drug Radiation Research, National Center for Radiation Research and Technology (NCRRT), Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority (EAEA), Nasr City, P.O. Box 29, Cairo, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science (Girl’s), Al-Azhar University, P.O. Box 11754, Youssef Abbas Str., Nasr City, Cairo

Graphical Abstract:

Read Full-Text article