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Pd Catalyzed N1/N4 Arylation of Piperazine for Synthesis of Drugs, Biological and Pharmaceutical Targets: An Overview of Buchwald Hartwig Amination Reaction of Piperazine in Drug Synthesis

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Vaibhav Mishra and Tejpal Singh Chundawat*   Pages 208 - 220 ( 13 )

Abstract:


Background: Substituted piperazine heterocycles are among the most significant structural components of pharmaceuticals. N1/N4 substituted piperazine containing drugs and biological targets are ranked 3rd in the top most frequent nitrogen heterocycles in U.S. FDA approved drugs. The high demand of N1/N4 substituted piperazine containing biologically active compounds and U.S. FDA approved drugs, has prompted the development of Pd catalyzed C-N bond formation reactions for their synthesis. Buchwald-Hartwig reaction is the key tool for the synthesis of these compounds.

Objective: This review provides strategies for Pd catalyzed C-N bond formation at N1/N4 of piperazine in the synthesis of drugs and biological targets with diverse use of catalyst-ligand system and reaction parameters.

Conclusion: It is clear from the review that a vast amount of work has been done in the synthesis of N1/N4 substituted piperazine containing targets under the Pd catalyzed Buchwald-Hartwig amination of aryl halides by using different catalyst-ligand systems. These methods have become increasingly versatile as a result of innovation in catalyst design and improvements in reaction conditions. This review gives an overview of recent utilization of Buchwald-Hartwig amination reaction in drug/target synthesis.

Keywords:

Arylation, buchwald-hartwig, drug targets, palladium, piperazine, synthesis.

Affiliation:

Department of Applied Sciences, The NorthCap University, Gurugram-122017, Haryana, Department of Applied Sciences, The NorthCap University, Gurugram-122017, Haryana

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