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Synthesis, Analytical Characterization and Spectroscopic Investigation of Chloramphenicol Impurity A for the Quality Control of Chloramphenicol and its Formulation as Per International Compendium

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 5 ]

Author(s):

Aparna Wadhwa, Faraat Ali*, Sana Parveen, Robin Kumar and Gyanendra N. Singh   Pages 382 - 388 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Objective: The main aim of the present work is to synthesize chloramphenicol impurity A (CLRMIMP- A) in the purest form and its subsequent characterization by using a panel of sophisticated analytical techniques (LC-MS, DSC, TGA, NMR, FTIR, HPLC, and CHNS) to provide as a reference standard mentioned in most of the international compendiums, including IP, BP, USP, and EP. The present synthetic procedure has not been disclosed anywhere in the prior art.

Methods: A simple, cheaper, and new synthesis method was described for the preparation of CLRM-IMP-A. It was synthesized and characterized by FTIR, DSC, TGA, NMR (1H and 13C), LC-MS, CHNS, and HPLC.

Results: CLRM-IMP-A present in drugs and dosage form can alter the therapeutic effects and adverse reaction of a drug considerably, it is mandatory to have a precise method for the estimation of impurities to safeguard the public health. Under these circumstances, the presence of CLRM-IMP-A in chloramphenicol (CLRM) requires strict quality control to satisfy the specified regulatory limit. The synthetic impurity obtained was in the pure form to provide a certified reference standard or working standard to stakeholders with defined potency.

Conclusion: The present research describes a novel technique for the synthesis of pharmacopoeial impurity, which can help in checking/controlling the quality of the CLRM in the international markets.

Keywords:

Chloramphenicol IMP A, degradation product, LC-MS, NMR, FTIR, DSC, HPLC.

Affiliation:

Pharmaceutical Chemistry Division, Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, Sector-23, Rajnagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, 201002, Pharmaceutical Chemistry Division, Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, Sector-23, Rajnagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, 201002, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Raj Kumar Goel Institute of Technology, Delhi-Meerut Road, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, 201002, Pharmaceutical Chemistry Division, Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, Sector-23, Rajnagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, 201002, Pharmaceutical Chemistry Division, Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, Sector-23, Rajnagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, 201002

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