Yit-Peng Goh, Wan-Sinn Yam*, Foo-Win Yip and Gurumurthy Hegde* Pages 352 - 365 ( 14 )
Introduction: This is the first report on chiral polymorphic hydrazine-based asymmetric liquid crystal trimers, 1-[4'-(4''-(5-Cholesteryloxy)carbonyl)butyloxy]-3-[N-benzylideneoxy-N'-(4'''-decyloxybenzylidene) hydrazine] butyloxybenzenes, and 1-[4'-(4''-(10-cholesteryloxy)carbonyl)nonyloxy]-3-[N-benzylideneoxy-N'-(4'''- decyloxybenzylidene)hydrazine]butyloxybenzenes., in which the hydrazine and cholesterol arms were connected via two flexible methylene spacers (n = 3-12 units and m = 4 or 9, respectively) to the central resorcinol core.
Materials and Methods: FT-IR, 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy, and CHN microanalysis were used to elucidate the structures of the trimers. Differential scanning calorimetry, polarizing optical microscopy and X-ray diffraction were used to study the transitional and phase properties of the trimers, which were length and spacer parity dependent. Trimers with short spacer length in the cholesteryl arm, m = 4 showed an interesting phase sequence of BP/N*-TGBA*-SmA*.
Results and Discussion: The TGBA* phase was sensitive to spacer length as it was only observed in trimers with short ester linkage. For the long analogues, m = 9, characteristic visible reflection and a much simpler phase sequence with only N* and SmA* phases were observed.
Conclusion: The X-ray diffraction measurements revealed that layer periodicities of the SmA* phase were approximately half the estimated all-trans molecular length (d/L ≈ 0.44-0.52), thus suggesting that the molecules are either strongly intercalated or bent.
Polymorphic, hydrazine, TGBA, blue phase, XRD, layer periodicity.
School of Chemical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang 11800, School of Chemical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang 11800, The Department of Chemical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Perak, Centre for Nano-materials and Displays, BMS College of Engineering, Basavanagudi, Bangalore, 560019, Karnataka