Submit Manuscript  

Article Details

Synthesis, Application and Antimicrobial activity of New Acid Dyes based on 3-Amino-2-thioxo-4-thiazolidinone nucleus on Wool and Silk fabrics


Fatma A. Mohamed*, Shaban Elkhabiry, Ismail A. Ismail and Attia O. Attia  


The dyes are synthesized by 3-Amino-2-thioxo-4thiazolidinone (N-Amino rhodanine) with glutaraldehyde or Terephthalaldehyde by 2:1 mole to form a and b then coupled with diazonium salts p-Amino benzenesulfonic acid and 4-Amino 3,4 disulfoazobenzeneazobenzene by 2:1 to form new different bis monoazo a1, b1 and diazo a2 and b2 acid dyes. Therefore, the synthesized dyes were applied to both silk and wool fabric materials. We also evaluated the antimicrobial activity for these dyed fabrics against two model gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. Further, the chemical composition of these dyes is emphasized by elemental analysis

Aims: This paper aims to synthesize, apply dye and antimicrobial to four new acid dyes based on derivatives of N-Amino rodanine as a chromophoric group. These dyes are used in dyeing silk and wool with the good lightfastness and are also excellent for washing, rubbing, and sweating fastness. Also, we measure antimicrobial activity for silk and wool fabrics toward Gram-negative, Gram-positive.

Background: The search for a synthesis of new acid dyes has antimicrobial for gram-negative and gram-positive. These dyes are mainly used on silk and wool fabrics which have excellent for light fastness, washing, rubbing, and sweating fastness.

Objective: The present studies were aimed at synthesis, characterization and antimicrobial toward gram- negative and gram-positive.

Methods: The infra-red spectrum was recorded using an Infra-red spectrometer, Perkin Elmer/1650 FT-IR. The 1H-NMR spectra were recorded using a Varian 400MHz spectrometer. The absorbance of the dyes was measured in the ultraviolet-visible region between 300 and 700 nm by a UNICAM UV spectrophotometer. The dye uptake by wool and silk fabrics was measured using a Shimadzu UV-2401PC (UV/V is spectrophotometer at ╬╗max) before and after dyeing. The produced dyes were found to have good antimicrobial activity against a variety of bacteria.

Results and Discussion: The compounds a1, b1, a2 &b2 shows good antimicrobial activity toward gram-negative (E. coli), gram-positive (S. aurous). The data showed that exhaustion and the fastness properties of silk and wool dyed fabrics were both very high.

Conclusion: This work prepares newly synthesized acid dyes based on 3-Amino-2-thioxo-4thiazolidinone derivatives and uses them for dyeing wool and silk fabrics. Both synthetic dyes have good light fastness and fastness properties. Also, all dyes have a good antimicrobial effect.


acid dyes, wool, silk, dyeing, antimicrobial, thiazolidinone


Textile Research Division, national Research Centre, Dokki, Giza 12622, Textile Research Division, national Research Centre, Dokki, Giza 12622, Department of Biology, College of Science, Taif University, P.O. Box 11099, Taif 21944, Department of Biology, College of Science, Taif University, P.O. Box 11099, Taif 21944

Full Text Inquiry